Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2019 Vol. 12 Issue 63

Zhuykova E.B., Pechnikova L.S., Ryzhov A.L. Rethinking the psychological assessment of adoptive families from constructivist perspective


ZHUYKOVA E.B., PECHNIKOVA L.S., RYZHOV A.L. RETHINKING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ADOPTIVE FAMILIES FROM CONSTRUCTIVIST PERSPECTIVE
Full text in Russian: Жуйкова Е. Б., Печникова Л.С., Рыжов А.Л. Переосмысление психодиагностической работы с принимающими семьями с позиций конструктивизма

FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The paper explores the prospects of constructivist approach to psychological assessment of adoptive parents in contemporary context characterized by tightening in the selection process of adoptive parenting candidates in Russia. The main ideas of constructivism (understanding knowledge as a construction, contextual meaning of truth, usefulness as criterion of a good knowledge) are evaluated in the light of psychological diagnostics. A review is presented of the most important postulates of the Personal constructs theory by G.Kelly, and of the studies in adoptive care and family psychology conducted following this paradigm. The process of the constructs system formation in the context of adult-child relationships, its impact on parental expectations from child and parental estimations of goodness of interaction are described in details. The approach is illustrated by the proposal of a rank repertory grid method of studying parental expectations by means of evaluation of children’s portraits. The important features of parental construing of a child that can be traced by qualitative and quantitative analysis of a grid include variety of personal constructs content, ability to modulate emotional reaction, existence of rigid stereotypes in expectations from adoption, level of mentalization an the presence of communicative distortions, specific attitudes towards family members, etc. The relevant goals of psychological counseling, family psychotherapy and targeted pre-adoption training programs are listed. Authors emphasize the focus on intersubjectivity and collaborative relationships with family inherent to constructivist approach in contrast with traditional paradigm of psychological assessment aimed at clear-cut discrimination between functional and non-functional parents by an expert.

Keywords: adoptive family, repertory grids technique, constructivism, adopted child, family therapy

 

References

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Received 15 November 2018. Date of publication: 20 February 2019.

About authors

Zhuykova Ekaterina B. Research Associate, Adolescent psychology Laboratory, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Pechnikova Leonora S.
 Ph.D, Associate Professor, Department of neuro- and pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: pech56@mail.rЭтот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.">u

Ryzhov Andrey L.
 Ph.D, Senior  Research Associate, Department of neuro- and pathopsychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11–9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 

Suggested citation

Zhuykova E.B., Pechnikova L.S., Ryzhov A.L. Rethinking the psychological assessment of adoptive families from constructivist perspective. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 12, No. 63, p. 3. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2019v12n63e/1681-zhuykova63e.html

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