Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2018 Vol 11 Issue 59

Poleva N.S. Art as a language and as communication


POLEVA N.S. ART AS A LANGUAGE AND AS COMMUNICATION
Full text in Russian: Полева Н.С. Искусство как язык и как коммуникация

FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia

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Suggested citation


The article traces continuity in the development of ideas of The State Academy of Arts (in Russian: GAKhN), reveals those areas of her research that turned out to be the most significant in the time perspective. One of these areas is the study of The Language of Art. Comparative analysis of the main ideas of the works by N.I.Zhinkin during his work in GAKhN, as well as during the second half of the 20th century prove the continuity in the development of language problems, "expression", the formation of meanings and senses, their transmission in the process of communication. The key attention in this article is given to the analysis of the concept of "language of inner speech" by N.I.Zhinkin and the concept of "auto-communication" by Yu.M. Lotman, which are regarded as the directions of language research precisely in the context of continuity of ideas of GAKhN. Different methodological approaches of these scientists lead them to complementary conclusions: the language of art emerges on the basis of natural language and has characteristics similar to the main features of the language of inner speech and the language of the auto-communication system. At the same time, art is both language, speech and code (Zhinkin); message and code (Lotman) and uses always two channels of communication - in the system "I–He" and in the system "I–I". In Zhinkin's works this is: "double speech" – "the subject-schematic code of inner speech" and "expressive speech." According to Lotman, the regularities in the functioning of a literary text are the laws governing the functioning of art and culture, communication in which is built simultaneously through two channels with a greater or lesser tendency toward one of them. Auto-communication is an important fact not only of psychology, but of culture in general. In the channel of auto-communication (in culture and in the individual consciousness) new codes, meanings and senses are generated and the already existing ones are being modified. "I–I" as a channel of communication in time is considered, along with experiences, as a mechanism ensuring the preservation of the integrity of individual and sociocultural identity, as well as the harmonization of the individual and group psychological chronotopes through the restoration of the "connection of times".

Keywords: language arts, The State Academy of Arts (in Russian: GAKhN), the subject-schematic code, two-link mechanism of internal speech, the two channels of communication, auto-communication, psychological chronotope

 

Funding
The study was supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 17-06-00077-ОГН\18.


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Poleva Natalia S. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2209-1217

Received 27 April 2018. Date of publication: 28 June 2018.

About author

Poleva Natalia S. Ph.D., Senior Research Associate, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2209-1217

Suggested citation

Poleva N.S. Art as a language and as communication. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2018, Vol. 11, No. 59, p. 3. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2018v11n59e/1585-poleva59e.html

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