Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2017 Vol. 10 Issue 55

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Orestova V.R., Mishina G.A. The concept of P.Ya.Galperin in the context of modern methodology


MARTSINKOVSKAYA T.D., ORESTOVA V.R., MISHINA G.A. THE CONCEPT OF P.YA.GALPERIN IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN METHODOLOGY
Full text in Russian: Марцинковская Т.Д., Орестова В.Р., Мишина Г.А. Концепция П.Я. Гальперина в контексте современной методологии

FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", Moscow, Russia
L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Moscow, Russia
Federal Institute of Education Development, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The article is devoted to the concept of an outstanding Soviet psychologist, Petr Yakovlevich Galperin, in the context of modern methodology. The need to preserve the continuity of psychological knowledge, the careful combination of the past and the present science, is emphasized, but the need to resort to classical concepts in a new vein is in the light of the challenges facing psychology today. It is revealed, as in the light of the urgent tasks facing modern psychological science, we can take a fresh look at the legacy of P.Ya.Galperin. The analysis of the concept of orienting activity in relation to such problems of the modern world as its multiplicity, variability and uncertainty is given. It is shown as an idea of the subject of psychology as an orientation activity that can be revealed in a new way in the study of the transitivity of the modern world. An analysis is made of the possibilities that the use of the P.Ya.Galperin approach to the image problem for studies of construction, the construction of the image of the world and the image of the self, identity in the modern changing world. The approach of the classic to the understanding of needs, experiences, will and its relevance is shown in the light of solving the problem of personal orientation in complex life situations in an era of transitivity. Attention is drawn to how ideas about orienting activity can be used to expand the possibility of studying coping strategies and applied to the understanding of the unconscious. The question is raised about the need to understand the connection of psychology with other fields of knowledge about man in transitivity studies and, in this connection, interdisciplinarity in the approach of P.Ya.Galperin is revealed and highly appreciated. The interdisciplinarity and multiparadigmality of modern science is underlined, which manifests itself in the emergence of new categories that can not be included in the old grid, as well as new relationships between categories. An estimation of P.Ya.Galperin's approach from the point of view of tendencies of modern methodology is given.

Keywords: orienting activity, subject of psychology, uncertainty, multiplicity, transitivity, interdisciplinarity, image, image of the world, methodology

 

References

Bernshtein N.A. Ocherk po fiziologii dvizhenii i fiziologii aktivnosti [Essay on the physiology of movements and physiology of activity]. Moscow: Nauka, 1966. (in Russian)

Galperin P.Ya. Psikhologiya kak ob"ektivnaya nauka [Psychology as an objective science]. Moscow: Institut prakticheskoi psikhologii, 1998. (in Russian)

Galperin P.Ya. Lektsii po psikhologii: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vuzov [Lectures on Psychology: A Textbook for University Students]. Moscow: KDU, 2005. (in Russian)

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014a, 7(36), 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2014b, 7(37), 12. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Martsinkovskaya T.D. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2015, 8(42), 1. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Turusheva Yu.B. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, 10(52), 2. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian)

Received 16 August 2017. Date of publication: 31 October 2017.

About authors

Martsinkovskaya Tatyana D. Ph.D., Professor, FGBNU "Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education", ul. Mokhovaya, 9–4, 125009 Moscow, Russia; L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia; Federal institute of Development of Education, ul. Cernjahovskogo, 9–1, 125319 Moscow, Russia.
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ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2810-2554

Оrestova Vasilisa R. Ph.D., L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
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Mishina Galina A. Ph.D., Professor, Department of Special Psychology, L.S.Vygotsky Institute for Psychology, Russian State University for the Humanities, Miusskaya pl., 6, 125993 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Martsinkovskaya T.D., Orestova V.R., Mishina G.A. The concept of P.Ya.Galperin in the context of modern methodology. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 55, p. 11. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n55e/1494-martsinkovskaya55e.html

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