Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

2017 Vol. 10 Issue 53

Baleva M.V., Kovaleva G.V., Gasimova V.A. Effects of group identity on ingroup bias and intergroup stereotyping


BALEVA M.V., KOVALEVA G.V., GASIMOVA V.A. EFFECTS OF GROUP IDENTITY ON INGROUP BIAS AND INTERGROUP STEREOTYPING
Full text in Russian: Балева М.В., Ковалева Г.В., Гасимова В.А. Эффекты показателей групповой идентичности на проявления ингрупповой прототипизации и межгрупповой стереотипизации

Perm State National Research University, Perm, Russia
Perm State Institute of Culture, Perm, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


This research investigated the effects of group identity on ingroup bias and intergroup stereotyping in the perception of artificial social groups. The group identity was considered through its affiliative parameters (group membership and ingroup assimilation with majority or minority), as well as its motivational component (level of subjective importance of information about the target groups). Ingroup bias was treated via prototypicality (i.e., the tendency to perceive one’s own ingroup as more prototypical of a superordinate category than the outgroup). Stereotyping was defined as the tendency to describe the representatives of target groups in "trait-manner" instead of "behavior-manner". The study was conducted on the samples of 206 and 103 students from 17 to 22 years old. Information about the social groups was presented in the text looked like the media article. After reading the text, the subjects were asked to identify themselves with one of the groups, as well as characterize the typical representatives of these groups through a set of personality characteristics and behavioral description. The procedure was organized in the logic of a quasi-experimental design, using ANOVA for processing the data. The obtained facts supported Tejfel’s minimal groups theory and revealed that ingroup bias and intergroup stereotyping could appeared even under random and objectively motiveless choice of group membership. It has been found that the subjective assignment of the ingroup to the majority, and also increased importance of subjective information about the target groups could strengthen ingroup bias, but did not impact the processes of intergroup stereotyping.

Keywords: social perception, group identity, ingroup, outgroup, ingroup bias, ingroup prototypicality, stereotyping

 

Funding
The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project 16-16-59006 "Cognitive factors of intergroup stereotypization and perceptual bias in the processes of social perception, mediated by mass media of Perm Region".


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Received 7 February 2017. Date of publication: 30 June 2017.

About authors

Baleva Milena V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Philosophical and sociological Faculty, Perm State University, ul. Bukireva, 15, 614990 Perm, Russia.
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Kovaleva Galina V. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Perm State Institute of Culture, ul. Gazety “Zvezda”, 18, 614000 Perm, Russia.
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Gasimova Vera A. Ph.D., Senior Teacher, Perm State Institute of Culture, ul. Gazety “Zvezda”, 18, 614000 Perm, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Baleva M.V., Kovaleva G.V., Gasimova V.A. Effects of group identity on ingroup bias and intergroup stereotyping. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2017, Vol. 10, No. 53, p. 11. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2017v10n53e/1446-baleva53e.html

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