Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Chertkova Yu.D., Kalenova N.V. The conception of differences between elder and younger siblings

Full text in Russian: Черткова Ю.Д., Каленова Н.В. Представления о различиях между старшими и младшими сиблингами
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

About authors
Suggested citation


The study is devoted to analysis of existing concepts of psychological peculiarities of children born in the same family with different birth order. Subjects were 163 high school and college students. They were asked to give a comparative assessment of elder and younger siblings by different characteristics: 1) cognitive abilities connected with both academic and practical achievements, 2) personality traits and social intelligence, 3) parents relationship. The method of investigation includes two forms of M.S.Egorova and S.D.Pyankova questionnaire “Conceptions of differences between siblings”.
The results show some differences in implicit concepts of elder and younger siblings. Elder siblings are seen as having higher cognitive abilities, more responsible and independent. Younger siblings are seen as having higher social intelligence, creativity and emotionality. Besides parents are thought demonstrate their fillings more expressively to the younger siblings.

Keywords: siblings, birth order, psychometric intelligence, practical intelligence, social intelligence, parent-siblings relationship
 

References

Andreeva T.N. Cognitive abilities and personality traits in children in large families: Ph.D. thesis synopsis. M., 1994. 24 p. [in Russian]

Brody G.H. Sibling relationship quality: Its Causes and Consequences // Annual Review of Psychology. 1998. Vol. 49. P. 1–24.

Contemporary child. Encyclopedia of mutual understanding / ed. A.Ya.Varga. M.: OGI, 2005. 635 p. [in Russian]

Dumitrashku T.A. The influence of intrafamily factors on formation of individuality // Voprosy psikhologii. 1991. N 1. P. 135–142. [in Russian]

Dumitrashku T.A. Family structure and cognitive development of children // Voprosy psikhologii. 1996. N 2. С. 104–112. [in Russian]

Dunn J., Plomin R. Separate lives: why siblings are so different. N.Y.: Basic Books, 1990. 210 p.

Dunn J. Sibling relationships in early childhood // Child development. 1983. Vol. 54. P. 787–811.

Goldenberg H., Goldenberg I. Family therapy: An overview. Brooks Cole, 2008. 544 p.

Minuchin S., Nichols M.P. Structural Family Therapy // Case studies in couple and family therapy / ed. Dattilio F.M. N.Y.: Guilford Press, 1999. P. 108–131.

Reiss D., Neiderhiser J.M., Hetherington E.M., Plomin R. The Relashionship Code: Deciphering genetic and social influences on adolescent development. Harvard University Press, 2000. 532 p.

SullowayF.J. Born to rebel: Birth order, family dynamics and creative lives. N.Y.: Vintage, 1997. 672 p.

Zajonc R.B., Bargh J. The confluence model: Parameter estimation of six divergent data sets on family factors and intelligence // Intelligence. 1980. Vol. 4. P. 349–361.

Zajonc R.B., Markus G.B. Birth order and intellectual development // Psychological Review. 1975. Vol. 82. P. 74–88.

Accepted 18 may 2009

About authors

Chertkova Yulia Davidovna. Ph.D., Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11/5, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Kalenova Natalya Vladimirovna. M.Sci., Department of Behavioral Genetics, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mokhovaya, 11/5, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.


Suggested citation

APA Style
Chertkova, Yu. D., & Kalenova, N. V. (2009). The conception of differences between elder and younger siblings. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 4(6). Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru. [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Chertkova Yu.D., Kalenova N.V. The conception of differences between elder and younger siblings [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2009. N 4(6). URL: http://psystudy.ru (date of access: dd.mm.yyyy). [in Russian, abstr. in English]

Back to top >>

Related Articles