Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal


Alekseeva O.S. Birth order and siblings’ cognitive development

Full text in Russian: Алексеева О.С. Порядок рождения и когнитивное развитие сиблингов
Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

About author
Suggested citation

The article presents results, obtained in the research of links between birth order and sibling’s cognitive development in two-child families. The research included two stages. On the first stage sample entered 113 teenagers (average age was 14,9). On the second stage 70 full families with two children have been studied. Average age of older siblings was 17,7 years, younger – 14,5 years. It was revealed that cognitive traits of younger sibling depend on birth space and style of child-parental relations whereas on intelligence of the senior child the given variables do not render special influence.

Keywords: birth order, cognitive traits, siblings, birth space, child-parental relationship


The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, project 06-06-00227а.


Cyrillic letters are transliterated according to BSI standards. The titles are given in author’s translation [in square brackets].

Abe K., Tsuji K., Suzuki H. The significance of birth order and age difference between siblings as observed in drawings of pre-kindergarten children // Folia Psychiatrica and Neurologica Japonica. 1964. Vol. 17. P. 315–325.

Adler A. Nauka zhit' [The Science of Living]: per. s angl. Kiev: Port-Royal, 1997. [in Russian]

Anastasi A. Intelligence and family size // Psychological Bulletin. 1956. Vol. 53. P. 187–209.

Andreeva T.N. Kognitivnye i lichnostnye kharakteristiki detei v mnogodetnoi sem'e: dis. kand. psikhol. nauk [Cognitive and personal traits of children in large family: Ph.D. thesis synopsis]. M, 1994. [in Russian]

Belmont L. Birth order, intellectual competence, and psychiatric status // Journal of Individual. Psychology. 1977. Vol. 33(1). P. 97–104.

Cicirelli V. Sibling constellation, creativity, IQ and academic achievement // Child Development. 1967. Vol. 38. P. 481–490.

Dumitrashku T.A. Vliyanie vnutrisemeinykh faktorov na formirovanie individual'nosti [The influence of intrafamily factors on individuality development] // Voprosy psikhologii. 1991. T. 1. S. 135–142. [in Russian]

Dunn J. Sibling relationships in early childhood // Child Development. 1983. Vol. 54. P. 787–811.

Dunn J., Plomin R. Separate lives: why siblings are so different. Basic Books, 1990.

Ernst C., Angst A. Birth Order: It’s Influence on Personality. New York: Springer, 1983.

Filimonenko Yu.I., Timofeev V.I. Test Vekslera. Diagnostika struktury intellekta (detskii variant). Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo [Wechsler test. Diagnostics of intelligence structure (Child version): Methodological guide]. SPb.: Imaton, 2001. [in Russian]

Kidwell J.S. Number of siblings, sibling spacing, sex, and birth order: Their effection perceived parent-adolescent relationships // Journal of Marriage and Family. 1981. Vol. 43. P. 315–333.

Koch L. The relation of primary mental abilities in five- and six-year-olds to sex of child and characteristics of his sibling // Child Development. 1954. Vol. 25. P. 209–223.

Markovskaya I.M. Trening vzaimodeistviya roditelei s det'mi [Training of parent-child interaction]. SPb.: Rech', 2006. [in Russian]

Rukovodstvo po rabote s testom: Test umstvennogo razvitiya dlya abiturientov i starsheklassnikov (ASTUR) [Test guide: Mentality test for college entrants and high school students] / Gurevich K.M. [i dr.] M.: Mezhdunarodnyi obrazovatel'nyi psikhologicheskii kolledzh, 1995. [in Russian]

Rukovodstvo po rabote s testom: Shkol'nyi test umstvennogo razvitiya (ShTUR-2) [Test guide: School Mentality test] / Gurevich K.M. [i dr.] M.: Mezhdunarodnyi obrazovatel'nyi psikhologicheskii kolledzh, 1996. [in Russian]

Zajonc R.B., Bargh J. The confluence model: Parameter estimation of six divergent data sets on family factors and intelligence // Intelligence. 1980. Vol. 4. P. 349–361.

Zajonc R.B., Markus G.B. Birth order and intellectual development // Psychological Review. 1975. Vol. 82. P. 74–88.

Available online 15 december 2008.

About author

Alekseeva Olga S. M.Sci., Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, ul. Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Suggested citation

APA Style

Alekseeva, O. S. (2008). Birth order and siblings’ cognitive development. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2(2). Retrieved from [in Russian, abstr. in English].

Russian State Standard GOST P 7.0.5-2008
Alekseeva O.S. Birth order and siblings’ cognitive development [Electronic resource] // Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2008. N 2(2). URL: (date of access: [in Russian, abstr. in English]

Top of the page >>